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CE Italian History

Italian History, Karl Briullov (1799–1852) The Last Day of Pompeii.
Karl Briullov (1799–1852) The Last Day of Pompeii.
  • 00- Codex, the first form of the modern book, appears in the Roman Empire
  • 9 Rhine established as boundary between Rome and Germany
  • 14– Death of Pan
  • 14–Death of Augustus, Tiberius becomes emperor
  • 25–Caesar Germanicus adopts his nephew Castor as his heir
  • 26– Tiberius retires to Capri, governing Rome by proxy
  • 37– Tiberius dies; Caligula becomes emperor
  • 41– Caligula assassinated, Claudius becomes emperor
  • 43– Claudius orders the Roman invasion of Britain
  • 43-409 CE Romano-British Era: Rome controls most of Britian and Wales.
  • 47 London founded
  • 54– Claudius is allegedly poisoned by his wife Agrippinilla. Her son Nero becomes emperor
  • 60– The Roman general Gaius Suetonius Paulinus, determined to break the power of the Celtic druids, attacked Anglesey, destroying the shrine and the sacred groves. News of Boudica’s revolt reached him just after his victory, causing him to withdraw his army before consolidating his conquest. Remaining druids escape into mountains of Wales, Scotland and Ireland
  • 60/61– Boudica, queen of the Iceni, leads a rebellion in Britain.
  • 64– Great Fire of Rome
  • 79 Pompeii destroyed
  • 212: Constitutio Antoniniana grants citizenship to all free Roman men.
  • 300 Under the Roman Empire, punishment of burning alive was enacted by the State against witches who brought about another person’s death through their enchantments.
  • 306 Council of Elvira refuses last rites to those who had killed a man by a magical spell because such a crime could not be effected “without idolatry” (i.e. the help of Devils and Demons).
  • 314 The Council of Ancyra imposes five years of penance upon those who consult magicians. Here, the offence lies in participation in paganism.
  • 378– Theodosius I, Roman emperor, bans fey worship.
  • 395: Roman Emperor Theodosius I dies, causing the Roman Empire to split permanently.
  • 406 – Visigoths, Suevi and Burgundians cross the Rhine and invade Roman Gaul. Beginning of the collapse of the Western Roman Empire.
  • 410 — Visigoths under Alaric I sack Rome
  • 451 Attila the Hun is repelled from Gaul by Roman–Barbarian forces at the Battle of Châlons.
  • 455 The Vandals pillage Rome.
  • 476 The last Western Roman Emperor, Romulus Augustus, is deposed by Odovacar, conventionally ending the Western Roman Empire.
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