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Copper Age 7000 -3500

  • 7000 – ancient Mesopotamians (“between the rivers”) developed the first large populated permanent settlements (such as Jarmo and Jericho); they lived in mud brick multi-room houses with mud ovens, used pottery, traded with other villages in the fertile crescent, and domesticated goats, sheep, and pigs.
  • 7000 – Khasathut, decadent sixth pharaoh of the Second Dynasty of Khem, is overthrown by Khai, a probable descendant of the Vanir. Khai brings about the Third Dynasty of Khem. However, the country has been doomed by the sorcerous battle with Khasathut to become a desert.
  • 6200 – Doggerland Cataclysm The North Sea Tsunami: Britain’s Deadliest Disaster
  • 6,000 – Cataclysm in Bimini.
  • 6000 – the Hassuna cultures lived in organized villages with a social courtyard containing a religious shrine, surrounded by mud brick houses, and around the villages were five foot thick walls with community grain or water storage towers; they introduced irrigation for farming, canals for trade, decorated pottery, and lead or copper beads.
  • 5500 – Agriculture started in Ancient Egypt.
  • 5500 – the Halafian cultures were the first to specialize labor and have cobblestone roads; they were the first to use the potter’s wheel and the Kiln to make pottery with brilliantly colored realistic pictures and shapes.
  • 5000 – E-poh, leader of the Tcho-Tcho of the Plateau of Sung, is born.
  • 5000 – Beginning of agriculture in the Tehuacán Valley matorral.
  • 4500-2500 – Tenerians culture, colonized the region in present Niger
  • 4200 – The Seven Cryptical Books of Hsan are translated into ancient Chinese.

  • 4000 : Syrian and Arabian nomads raided southern Mesopotamia, they were eventually absorbed into the Ubadian population.
  • 4000 BC: The Seven Books of Tan, which may be one and the same as the Seven Cryptical Books of Hsan, date back to this time.
  • 4000-3200: the Ubaidian cultures made pottery decorated with wave patterns using the potter’s wheel; they established many farming settlements including Eridu, Uruk, Adab, Isin, Kish, Kullab, Lagash, Larsa, Nippur, and Ur. They lived in lower Mesopotamia.
    • The Ubaidian settlements emerged as small village communities in the foothills surrounding great river valleys; because they lived close to each other the control over water streams, harvest, and domestication became easier to control and caused increased food production.
  • 4000 : Syrian and Arabian nomads raided southern Mesopotamia, they were eventually absorbed into the Ubadian population.
  • 4000-3200: the Ubaidian cultures made pottery decorated with wave patterns using the potter’s wheel; they established many farming settlements including Eridu, Uruk, Adab, Isin, Kish, Kullab, Lagash, Larsa, Nippur, and Ur. They lived in lower Mesopotamia.
    • The Ubaidian settlements emerged as small village communities in the foothills surrounding great river valleys; because they lived close to each other the control over water streams, harvest, and domestication became easier to control and caused increased food production.
    • As food production increased it was able to supply larger communities and the villages grew into cities, civilization first emerged; cities were the foundation of civilization because with them came other civilizing elements including religious cults, political systems, written language, and monumental architecture.
  • 4000 – Domestication of the horse
  • 4000 – In Britain earliest-known Druidic camps or communities appear.
  • 3,800 – Urban civilization begins in Sumer as the Anunnaki reestablish there the Olden Cities, beginning with Eridu and Nippur.
    • Anu comes to Earth for a pageantful visit. A new city, Uruk (Erech), is built in his honor; he makes its temple the abode of his beloved granddaughter Inanna/lshtar.
  • 3,760 – Mankind granted kingship. Kish is first capital under the aegis of Ninurta. The alendar began at Nippur. Civilization blossoms out in Sumer (the First Region).
  • 3600 – In Egypt, mummification around this time in Hierankopolis.
  • 3700 – Beginning of the Early Minoan period on Crete
  • 3500 – the Sumerians, a nomadic people from the Armenian Plateau northeast of Mesopotamia, migrated into Mesopotamia and intermingled with the population; they brought with them horse-drawn chariots and metallurgy used to make copper helmets and spears.
    • Under the Sumerians the old cities developed into city-states, governed by a theocratic assembly of priests and, because priests knew what the gods “wanted,” they were very influential to the city-states; religion was also important in architecture because the most important building in each city-state was the ziggurat, the temple (or home) of the patron god of that city-state.
    • The Sumerian city-states were in constant competition with each other, even if by war; despite wars, the governments of the city-states generally maintained friendly relations because, they as aristocrats, held a special bond as the elite of a people who shared a common religion, language, and culture.
  • 3,450 – Primacy in Sumer transferred to Nannar/Sin. Marduk proclaims Babylon “Gateway of the Gods.” The “Tower of Babel” incident. The Anunnaki confuse Mankind’s languages.
    • His coup frustrated, Marduk/Ra returns to Egypt, deposes Thoth, seizes his younger brother Dumuzi who had betrothed Inanna. Dumuzi accidentally killed; Marduk imprisoned alive in the Great Pyramid. Freed through an emergency shaft, he goes into exile.
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