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cougar, puma, mountain lion

The Cougar, also Puma, Mountain Lion, or Panther, is native to the Americas. Extending from Canada to the southern Andes of South America. An adaptable, generalist species, the Cougar is found in every major New World habitat type.

A capable stalk-and-ambush predator, the Cougar pursues a wide variety of prey. Its primary food is ungulates such as deer, particularly in the northern part of its range, but it hunts species as small as insects and rodents. It prefers habitats with dense underbrush for stalking, but it can live in open areas.

The Cougar is territorial and persists at low population densities. Individual territory sizes depend on terrain, vegetation, and abundance of prey. While it is a large predator, it is not always the dominant species in its range, as when it competes for prey with animals such as the Gray Wolf.

Medium animal
Hit Dice3d8+6 (19 hp)
Speed40 ft (8 squares), Climb 20 ft.
Armor Class15 (+4 Dexterity, +1 natural), touch 14, flat-footed 11
Base Attack/Grapple+2/+5
AttackBite +6 melee (1d6+3)
Full AttackBite +6 melee (1d6+3) and 2 claws +1 melee (1d3+1)
Space/Reach5 ft./5 ft.
Special AttacksImproved grab, pounce, rake 1d3+1
Special QualitiesLow-Light Vision, Scent
SavesFort +5, Ref +7, Will +2
AbilitiesStrength 16, Dexterity 19, Constitution 15, Intelligence 2, Wisdom 12, Charisma 6
SkillsBalance +12, Climb +11, Hide +8*, Jump +11, Listen +6, Move Silently +8, Spot +6
FeatsAlertness, Weapon Finesse
EnvironmentAny forest or Mountain
OrganizationSolitary or pair
Challenge Rating2
Advancement4-5 HD (Medium)
Level Adjustment


Improved Grab (Ex): To use this ability, a Cougar must hit with its bite attack. It can then attempt to start a grapple as a free action without provoking an attack of opportunity. If it wins the grapple check, it establishes a hold and can rake.

Pounce (Ex): If a Cougar charges a foe, it can make a full attack, including two rake attacks.

Rake (Ex): Attack bonus +6 melee, damage 1d3+1.

Skills: Cougars have a +8 racial bonus on Jump checks and a +4 racial bonus on Hide and Move Silently checks. Cougars have a +8 racial bonus on Balance and Climb checks. A Cougar can always choose to take 10 on a Climb check, even if rushed or threatened. *In areas of tall grass or heavy undergrowth, the Hide bonus improves to +8.

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